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Running Bond

Pavers in Running Bond Pattern


Natural Cleft


Rockfaced Edge

Smooth Edge

paver that has been tumbled
paver with rockfaced edge
Pavers with smooth edge
paver that has been thermaled
natural cleft paver

Landscape Terms & Definitions


One or more courses of pavers, stone or wall block usually of a different color or texture to add a visual interest.


A natural blue-gray sandstone made up of finely grained sand and quartz particles. Bluestone is mainly Found and quarried in the Northeastern counties of Pennsylvania. Available in blue and multi-color and in natural cleft and thermalled. *See images at bottom of page.

Natural Cleft

Natural Bluestone is quarried then hand split giving it a natural cleft, non-uniform texture and appearance.


Each piece of Bluestone is dimensionally cut to size, then a very high temperature flame is applied to the surface to roughen the texture and give it a uniform and non-slip surface.

Concrete Paver

A paving stone used for landscape flooring which is made up of colored concrete, that has been molded into a shape. Concrete pavers come in many shapes, sizes and finishes. They are used to make driveways, patios, pool decks, walkways and other landscape platforms.


The capping or covering of the top of a wall, pillar, column or pool wall.

Desert Tan Brownstone

A type of sandstone with warm brown and reddish colors with light swirls from its natural sedimentary layers.


A product used to prevent the horizontal movement of pavers along a perimeter, its purpose is to maintain the integrity of product installation.

Face Feet

A landscape and masonry industry unit of measurement used for calculating a wall's face square footage. Height of wall x Length of wall = Square Face Feet


An evenly layered sedimentary rock that has been split into slabs to be used for paving stones.


A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz, mica, and feldspar and often used as a building stone. Granite is scratch and weather resistant.

Granite Cobblestone

Granite stone that has been hand cut and has a tumbled appearance. A stone mainly used for paving streets, driveways and edging gardens. Available in several sizes and colors.


Limestone is a sedimentary rock, which means it was formed from small particles of rock or stone that have been compacted by pressure over many years. It is a grain stone that has a uniform texture, composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite.

Linear Feet

The measurement of distance or length measured in feet. This term is used in the landscaping industry when other measurements like width and height are of no regard.

Natural Stone

A natural occuring formation of solids composed of the earth's minerals. This stone is quarried from all around the world and is available in many colors, types and sizes.

Natural Stone Veneer

All natural stone veneer is "real" stone that has been split and sawn to be approximately one (1) inch thick. It is used as a wall covering for exterior and interior surfaces.


A product that has refined edges & corners with a new, uniform appearance.

Pattern Stock

Slabs of stone cut into multiple sizes to be laid down in a certain direction, creating a pattern for landscape flooring.

Permeable Paver

Eco-friendly pavers that have built in spacers or spacer bars. This automatically leaves a narrow void or gap between each paver allowing rain water to drain through and filter into the sub-base and sub-soil. These narrow gaps/voids are then filled in with either gravel or specialty products defined by the manufacturer.

Pine Hall Paver Brick Company

Pine Hall Brick Company is a 90-year-old family-owned business that manufactures "Earth friendly, naturally green®" face brick, pavers and special-shape brick.

Polymeric Sand

Polymeric sand is used to fill the joints between pavers, including concrete pavers, brick pavers, and stone pavers. This product is a fine sand combined with additives, usually silica, that, when mixed with water, form a binding agent. These binders lock the sand particles together, which helps lock all the pavers together.


Where brick, stone or wall block is set back into a wall creating depth and architectual interest.

Retaining Wall

A structure designed and built to resist lateral pressure and retain material (like soil and/or water), preventing it from sliding or eroding away.

River Rocks

Phosphate rocks found in and along river beds that have a smooth texture, created from the force of water and friction over a period of time. Available in a variety of colors and sizes depending on the source.


To take a smooth edge of natural stone, using tools, it is chiseled to add character and texture.

Running Bond

A paver laying pattern where each row of pavers overlaps the last row by half its length or width. The running bond pattern is one of the most common and traditional patterns in the landscape industry.


Composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains, most sandstone is composed of quartz and/or feldspar, the two of the most common minerals in the Earth's crust. Available in many colors.


A slab of stone cut for placement in the footing of a window or doorway.

Sailor Course

A course of pavers, brick, or stone material around the perimeter of an area lying vertical. This course is installed with the longest side of material abutting the edge.

Soldier Course

A course of pavers, brick, or stone material around the perimeter of an area lying Horizontal. This course is installed with the shortest side of material abutting the edge.

Stack Bond

A masonry pattern in which all horizontal and vertical joints are aligned and continuous. Each unit or brick is laid directly on top of the next creating a more linear effect.


For over 25 years Stoneyard™, a third generation company, has been delivering the traditional building stone of New England nationwide. They specialize in reclaimed New England stone, a LEED certified architectural building material. Their products are cut from a blend of weathered, aged, and quarried real stone, in their facility in Littleton, Massachusetts.


The top surface / material of a step or stair.


A product with soft edges and corners from a roll around process.


The first Northern American company to manufacture paving stones and the first to launch an official permeable paver. Unilock was founded in 1972 by Ed Bryant. Today, they continue to lead the industry with their innovative style and technology. Unilock offers a transferable lifetime guarantee on all products.


Large pieces of natural stone used for custom fabrication, usually for countertops, bars, islands or radius projects.